The Missing Continent and Convection Rolls System Compared

‘Searching for something and not finding it is also science.’ James Cook sailed all over the Pacific searching for a continent that should be there. After looking at how land is distributed over the equatorial line, one should expect to find a continent in the middle of the Pacific Ocean.

The distiribution of land along equator

All the land masses cover 30°, except Africa, but the distance from west coast to Great Rift Valley is 30°. So when looking at this picture, the match between model and reality is striking.

The division lines affect the surface of the Earth quite clearly, but nowhere as securely as along equator. At equator, points of restriction are created, due to special circumstances. The Coriolis Effect shifts from leading a trajectory to the right within northern hemisphere to leading to the left in the southern hemisphere. This, along with the fact that the equatorial plane has the greates centrifugal effect, coinciding with the convectional effect, makes the distribution of land mass so special. You can therefore call the main points on equator ‘equatorial points of constraint’.


Center of the Pacific Ocean – why different?

After exploring three sides of the Earth, more and less alike, the fourth side looks totally different. The Central Pacific Ocean provides very few clues about what is found underneath, with the main exception of Hawaii.

Center of the Pacific Ocean.

If there was a continent there, like Africa, South America or Indonesia, we would have analyzed that consistency a long time ago. This one exception leads to the fact that we do not seem to consider the consistency between the three equatorial continents at all! But considering that Hawaii exist due to the proximity with main division line between convection rolls, the picture becomes clearer. Hawaii itself is offset from the main lower mantle convection rolls division line by 3°, but the chain of islands then drifts obliquely over it.

We can then have a quick look at the ´four side pattern´:

The four sides of the equatorial plane of Earth.

So if we have an imaginary place in the middle of the Pacific, where we might expect to find a continent, do we then start to think differently about it?


Great Rift Valley and Central Africa

The similarity between Central Africa, Amazon and Indonesia is quite striking. The three areas are found at equator, span 30°, and are found with 60° interval. Also, volcanic and tectonic activity is found in context with the relevant mantle convection division lines, marking the large scale polygon.

The African Polygon

The volcanic activity in eastern Africa is related to the Great Rift Valley, which is closely related to the tectonics formed by the east corner of the polygon of Central Africa.


Tunguruahua Volcano and the Amazon Area

The Amazon area is mostly found within a large polygon marked by the division lines of each side of a single convection roll of lower mantle. The main hub of downwelling forms the esturary of the Amazon River, the largest river in the world. At the other side of the continent, the division line (wide red) between convection rolls does cross the Andes Mountains under the volcano Tuguruahua.

The polygon of Amazon area

The exact 30° span along equator from the trench in the east to the estuary in the west is an outstanding manifestation of the predicted interval between convection rolls of the lower mantle.


Merapi Volcano – the Most Active in Indonesia

Indonesia covers 30° along equator from east to west, and the end points happen to be the locations of main convection rolls division lines. Tracing the western division line further south, it leads to the most active volcano of Indonesia, Mount Merapi.

Mount Merapi is located over main division line of lower mantle convection rolls.

This indicates an interplay between the subduction of crust material and the mantle convection activity. The few facts shown on the map, a span of 30° along equator and the location of Merapi, already give us some insight into the geology of Indonesia. By further analyzing the effect of upper convection rolls (with 1.5° interval) much more will be revealed about the real nature of volcanism, geothermal activity and the tectonic framework in general.