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The Central Role of S-America within Tectonic Drift Patterns

Looking at the equatorial pattern of distribution between land and ocean, the regularity level is almost perfect. Land occupies 30° for S-America, Africa and Indonesia, Ocean spans 60° for Atlantic Ocean and Indian Ocean. The Pacific spans 150°. This perfect distribution can be compared with the theoretical 1:1 mantle convection height to width ratio:

S-American dilemma of equator.

The accurate distribution of land masses, and how it fits to the 1:1 ratio of mantle convection compared with Earth’s layers is very convincing. Then we suddenly realize that tectonic drift must lead to rearrangement of this. But it does not mean we have to run away from this finding, hiding somewhere. That would be silly. Stop for a moment and look at the very special position of S-America, with a regularly shaped trench at one side, and the estuary of the largest river in the world at the other side, 30° apart. These settings are more developed than for Africa, with the coast located 60° east of Amazon Estuary, and the Great Rift Valley found 30° east of the western coast. Drift animations, now readily available on the internet, show that S-America has become relatively stagnant, thereby maintaining the 30° pattern of land extending along the equator line for a while. The situation now is that the wideness of the Atlantic along equator tends to prevail as 60°. One has to study the tectonic drift vectors to realize how that happens. The different aspects of topography; the trench, Amazon Estuary, Mid-Atlantic Ridge, the coast of Western Africa, the Great Rift Valley, makes it easier to understand that the forces underneath create the 30°, 30°, 30°, 30° pattern of S-America (trench to Amazon Estuary 30°), Atlantic Ocean (Amazon – Mid-Atlantic Ridge 30° and Mid-Atlantic Ridge to western coast of Africa 30°) and Africa (western coast to Great Rift Valley 30°). This story is then repeated for the Indian Ocean, but there is not enough space for that here in this little post. But you should study the World Map, and then you will see this.

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